Garlic (Allium Sativum) is eaten as a food or spice all over the world, but it is also frequently used for health benefits, including to lower blood cholesterol and to inhibit some cancer processes. In Europe alone, garlic is marketed as a foodstuff, a herbal supplement, a herbal medicinal product, a food supplement, a health food or as a pharmaceutical preparation not as a dietary supplement because European Union directive restricts use of that term to vitamins and minerals. In the USA garlic is classed as a food or as a dietary supplement only. In Bangladesh garlic is sold as a phytoprotectant, as a functional food in Nepal, and as aphytotherapeutic agent in Brazil.
Robinson, Molly Meri. Zhang, Xiaorui. Traditional Medicines: Global Situation Issues and Challenges The World Medicines Situation Report 2011 World Health Organization April 2011. Downloaded from www.who.int/medicines/areas/policy/world_medicines_situation/en/ 15 May 2011